All you need to know about piriformis syndrome
What is piriformis syndrome?
Piriformis syndrome is a condition where your piriformis muscle is either shortened, tightened, or is tensed that causes pain in your buttocks.
What happens to piriformis muscles?
The muscle begins from the lower spine and attaches to your hip providing greater stability and mobility of the joint. The muscle is located deep in your buttocks; it may also irritate and compress the sciatic nerve, which runs through it and may cause further difficulties.
What causes piriformis syndrome?
- Overuse: activities such as long-distance walking and running may enlarge your piriformis muscles, which may lead to entrapment of the sciatic nerve.
- Injury: injuries such as a direct blow to your buttock or fall on your back may suddenly tighten and tense your muscles.
- Lifestyles: your occupation or daily activities that require prolonged sitting may put direct pressure on your muscles and compress the sciatic nerve.
- Pregnancy: gradual weight gain during pregnancy may also increase tension in the muscle.
- Deformities: deformities in your hip and foot may demand greater strength of your muscles in the buttocks to function, which may strain your piriformis muscles.
What may you experience with piriformis syndrome?
- You may feel painful spot deep in your buttock
- You may feel tingling and numbness sensation in the back of your thighs.
- You may experience the pain extending from your back to lower limbs.
- You may feel weakness in your lower limbs and may have difficulty lifting your leg.
- You may feel your pain getting worse during activities.
- You may find difficulty doing certain activities such as sitting, climbing stairs, and
How can piriformis syndrome be treated?
- Heat therapy: heat therapy may help relax your tensed muscles. It also improves blood circulation for fast recovery.
- Stretching exercises: stretching exercises may help loosen up your tight and tensed muscles. It also helps restore normal muscle length and its function.
- Strengthening exercises: strengthening exercises may help strengthen the muscles in your back and around the hip.
- Correction of deformities: correction of deformities may help improve your body alignment as well as decrease pressure on your muscles, reducing pain and instability.
- Lifestyle modifications: avoiding activities such as prolonged sitting, long-distance walking, and running may help reduce your pain.
Piriformis syndrome may cause weakness to your lower limbs and may also limit your activities. However, physiotherapy may help you perform correct exercises and modify your lifestyles to treat your piriformis syndrome best.