IT band is an active band of tissue that blends in with the muscles that run from outer aspects of your thigh and gets attached to outer aspects of your knee. IT band provide stability to your knee while running. When the IT band gets overused, it becomes inflamed and causes pain, known as IT band syndrome. It is otherwise also known as greater trochanteric pain syndrome.
- Repetitive movements and overuse can rub the muscles and the IT band against the bone resulting in pain and limited movements in the hip and knee joints.
- It is common in runners where poor running techniques and wearing poor-fitting shoes may pull the surrounding muscles and the IT band, twisting further out of its position and into the direction which causes pain on the outer side of your hip and knee.
- Deformities such as flat feet and knock knee may change your posture as well as ways of the walking You may have your knee excessively angled inward which in turn pulls the muscles and puts pressure on IT band causing hip and knee pain.
- Weakness or imbalances of muscles that extend from your hip to knee may exert an excessive load on the IT band, causing knee pain while bending and straightening.
- You may experience sharp pain now and then on the outer side of your thigh and knee.
- Walking and running may worsen the pain.
- Your knee joint may get stiff, and activities may get limited.
- Your thigh muscles may get weak, causing pain during knee movements.
- Your knee pain may or may not recover with rest.
- Range of motion exercises: hip and knee range of motion exercise may help restore and maintain pain-free motion in the joints.
- Strengthening exercise: strengthening exercises may help strengthen the weakened thigh muscles and may reduce the load on the IT band.
- Stretching exercises: stretching the muscles extending from your hip to knee may help reduce the muscle tension and restore its function.
- Activity modification: avoiding activities causing pain, following proper running techniques, and wearing correct running shoes may help recover from the pain
- Deformity correction: deformity correction may help correct your body alignment and may reduce walking difficulties. It also may help the muscles on the outer aspects of your thigh and knee to position and offload the IT band, thus reducing pain.
IT band syndrome pain may gradually begin causing temporary difficulties, but if not taken care may lead to chronic pain and restricted movements. A Physiotherapist may help treat pain and modify your activities.