Effectiveness of proprioception exercises in an ankle sprain
An ankle sprain is a distressing condition you may suffer at least once in a while being a sportsperson. It is the most commonly caused sports injuries. The sprain happens when the ankle twists beyond its normal range of movement where the ankle tissues get overstretched or get torn, causing an inability to hold the joint.
The sudden, awkward landing on the ground is the primary cause that leads to a painful ankle sprain. The sprain could be as simple as a twisted smile with manageable pain and swelling and as severe as that of terrible pain with disability. The pain is felt on the outer aspect of the joint, which either reduces motion or causes laxity in the joint.
When it comes to managing mild and moderate sprain, it is similar to tightening a screw with a screwdriver at home. The treatment for ankle sprain begins with complete rest, ice therapy, compression, and elevation of the injured leg. Theses are the basic treatment that can be done right away and at home independently.
However, proprioception exercise is one effective therapy that needs to be done. Proprioception is the signals sent to the brain about the position and the movement taking place in the joints. Training proprioception exercises such as single-leg stand, standing on balancing board, and standing with one foot in the front of other and squatting on the affected limb, are performed with eyes closed and under the guidance of a physiotherapist.
The pain and swelling caused due to the sprain may decrease proprioception in the body, which further pose a risk to injuries. The exercise helps improve the sense of joint position and the direction of movements that enable you to move the limb with your muscle control and within the range.
When you perform the exercises with closed eyes, it makes you concentrate and hold the position for a few minutes, it helps strengthen the weak muscles around the ankle, and it ensures joint stability. It also helps improve your body balance and coordination that may have impacted following the sprain.
An ankle sprain is curable and preventable with proper sports techniques and proprioception exercises. Gradually, with exercises, the ankle begins to recover. The bones become aligned, stronger ligaments and muscles that hold the joint in its position and prevents excessive movements. It is considered effective in treating and preventing an ankle sprain